#Review – The Practice of Programming

In a world of enormous and intricate interfaces, constantly changing tools and languages and systems, and relentless pressure for more of everything, one can lose sight of the basic principles— simplicity, clarity, generality— that form the bedrock of good software.

Kernighan, Brian W.; Pike, Rob (1999-02-09). The Practice of Programming (Addison-Wesley Professional Computing Series) (p. ix). Pearson Education. Kindle Edition.


Programming is a craft. Some programmers refuse to acknowledge this, insisting instead that it’s a scientific or engineering discipline. There are certainly elements of that but anything that allows a human to place their own distinctive style on a made thing is a craft.

Bridges look a certain way because that’s how the physics make them look, not because the engineer was feeling whimsical that day. That’s why one bridge looks a lot like another. When a carpenter makes a bookshelf, it shares the same functionality with other bookshelves. However, there are a hundred individual decisions made by the carpenter during the design and creation process. A bookshelf is physics seasoned by art.

Two software applications may have similar functions but the underlying source code tells a different story. Anyone who reads or writes code knows that the programmer imposes their own personal style on the code in hundreds of different ways. From the use of a favorite decision loop to the design and implementation of a particular data structure, programmers have always found a way to express themselves in their work.

The Practice of Programming was written to bring programmers who are swimming in complexity back to their roots and help them regain perspective. Just to be clear, this is not a book that will teach you how to program. However, if you are learning to program or even if you’re a veteran coder, you’ll get something useful out of this text.

Despite this, Kernighan and Pike don’t romanticize the work of programming. Instead they show that by embracing (or re-embracing) the fundamental principles of coding, you can become a better, more productive programmer.

They start with a style guide, because clean, consistent code is easier to read, debug and maintain. Establishing and maintaining a consistent coding style frees up your higher brain functions for more complex decisions and problem solving.

Next we move on to algorithms and data structures. These building blocks of software should be familiar to all coders but the right algorithm choice can make the difference between a program that takes an hour versus one that takes seconds to produce the desired result.

The authors build on this foundational knowledge with discussions on design, interfaces (how to efficiently pass data), debugging, testing (which reduces debugging), performance, portability and end with a chapter on notation which includes a discussion of tools that will help you generate code automatically.

The writing is crisp and direct. Kernighan and Pike speak to you, programmer to programmer. They have decades of combined experience in the coding trenches and understand the problems you face every day, whether you’re doing an assignment for school or creating a business analytics solution for your business.


#Review Hackers – Heroes of the Computer Revolution

Just why Peter Samson was wandering around in Building 26 in the middle of the night is a matter that he would find difficult to explain.

My first programming class was in 1977 at a local community college. What I took away from it was the idea that you could solve any problem, no matter how overwhelming, by breaking it down into smaller and smaller functional pieces, then reassembling the pieces into a solution.

The opening sentence to Steven Levy’s book Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution neatly encapsulates the book’s theme. It’s about very smart people who are compelled to act in ways that are hard for them to describe to others and even sometimes to themselves. Some of them are looking for money, others for redemption,  On a higher level, it’s a book about exploration.  It’s about compulsion. It’s about obsession. It’s about passion. It’s about America.

It’s difficult to write about computers for a general audience. The problem is similar to what Hollywood faces when they use computers as a story element. Simply put, it’s hard to make typing seem interesting.

This is where Hollywood gets it wrong. Computing isn’t about the technology, it’s about the people.

A good technology writer understands this and Steven Levy is a very good technology writer. He was a senior writer for Wired magazine and chief technology writer for Newsweek. Hackers was his first book and it’s a very engaging read.

The story starts at M.I.T. in 1958 and takes us on a journey across the country and spans almost three decades. It describes a tumultuous time in our modern history, not just politically and socially but technologically. Levy takes us from the Tech Model Railroad Club at M.I.T. to the hardware hackers of the Homebrew Computer Club in Silicon Valley to the first computer game hackers and ends up back in Cambridge with the ‘Last of the True Hackers’. Along the way we see how what was once unimaginable became commonplace.

Most important to me, this book showed I wasn’t alone. I understood these people. They were flawed like everyone else but they had a passion and the skill to make the thoughts inside their heads into reality for the rest of us.



Levy, Steven. Hackers: Heroes of the computer revolution. New York: Penguin Books, 2001.